Journal cover Journal topic
Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences An open-access publication for refereed proceedings in hydrology

Journal metrics

  • SNIP value: 0.058 SNIP 0.058
  • SJR value: 0.135 SJR 0.135
  • IPP value: 0.096 IPP 0.096
Proc. IAHS, 370, 15-20, 2015
http://www.proc-iahs.net/370/15/2015/
doi:10.5194/piahs-370-15-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
11 Jun 2015
On correlation between urban development, land subsidence and flooding phenomena in Jakarta
H. Z. Abidin, H. Andreas, I. Gumilar, and I. R. R. Wibowo Geodesy Research Group, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, Indonesia
Abstract. Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia with a population of about 10.2 million people, inhabiting an area of about 660 square-km. It is located within a deltaic plain and passes by 13 natural and artificial rivers. In the last three decades, urban development of Jakarta has grown very rapidly in the sectors of industry, trade, transportation, real estate and many others, which has caused several negative environmental impacts. In turns Jakarta is then prone toward a few natural hazards mainly land subsidence and flooding. In general, based on geodetic measurement methods (e.g. Leveling, GPS surveys, and InSAR), conducted since 1982 up to 2014, it is obtained that land subsidence in Jakarta exhibits spatial and temporal variations, with the typical rates of about 3 to 10 cm year−1. In general, the impacts of land subsidence in Jakarta can be seen in the forms of cracking of permanent constructions and roads, changes in river canal and drain flow systems, wider expansion of coastal and/or inland flooding areas, and malfunction of drainage system. Several areas along the coast of Jakarta already have experienced tidal flooding during high tide periods. These coastal flooding usually occurs in the areas with relatively large subsidence rates. Subsidence in the areas along the rivers which are flowing throughout Jakarta will also worsen the impacts of riverine flooding. The changes in river canal and drain flow systems and malfunction of drainage system due to land subsidence will also aggravate the flooding. Land subsidence will have direct and indirect affects with the flooding in Jakarta, both in coastal or inland areas.

Citation: Abidin, H. Z., Andreas, H., Gumilar, I., and Wibowo, I. R. R.: On correlation between urban development, land subsidence and flooding phenomena in Jakarta, Proc. IAHS, 370, 15-20, doi:10.5194/piahs-370-15-2015, 2015.
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
Jakarta is prone toward land subsidence and flooding. It is obtained that land subsidence in Jakarta has typical rates of about 3 to 10 cm/year. It has direct and indirect effects to flooding, both in coastal or inland areas. The coastal flooding usually occurs in the areas with relatively large subsidence rates. Subsidence in the areas along the rivers which are flowing throughout Jakarta also increases the impacts of riverine flooding.
Jakarta is prone toward land subsidence and flooding. It is obtained that land subsidence in...
Share