Inflow forecasting using Artificial Neural Networks for reservoir operation
Institute for Infrastructure and Environment, Heriot-Watt University,
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Abstract. In this study, multi-layer perceptron (MLP) artificial neural networks have been applied to forecast one-month-ahead inflow for the Ubonratana reservoir, Thailand. To assess how well the forecast inflows have performed in the operation of the reservoir, simulations were carried out guided by the systems rule curves. As basis of comparison, four inflow situations were considered: (1) inflow known and assumed to be the historic (Type A); (2) inflow known and assumed to be the forecast (Type F); (3) inflow known and assumed to be the historic mean for month (Type M); and (4) inflow is unknown with release decision only conditioned on the starting reservoir storage (Type N). Reservoir performance was summarised in terms of reliability, resilience, vulnerability and sustainability. It was found that Type F inflow situation produced the best performance while Type N was the worst performing. This clearly demonstrates the importance of good inflow information for effective reservoir operation.
Chiamsathit, C., Adeloye, A. J., and Bankaru-Swamy, S.: Inflow forecasting using Artificial Neural Networks for reservoir operation, Proc. IAHS, 373, 209-214, doi:10.5194/piahs-373-209-2016, 2016.