Journal cover Journal topic
Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences An open-access publication for refereed proceedings in hydrology

Journal metrics

  • SNIP value: 0.058 SNIP 0.058
  • SJR value: 0.135 SJR 0.135
  • IPP value: 0.096 IPP 0.096
Proc. IAHS, 372, 7-11, 2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
12 Nov 2015
Spatial-temporal variation of groundwater and land subsidence evolution in Beijing area
K. Lei1, Y. Luo1, B. Chen2, M. Guo3, G. Guo1, Y. Yang1, and R. Wang1 1Beijing Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Beijing 100195, China
2College of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
3Beijing Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration and Development, Beijing 100195, China
Abstract. Precipitation is the main recharge source of groundwater in the plain of Beijing, China. Rapid expansion of urbanization has resulted in increased built-up area and decreased amount of effective recharge of precipitation to groundwater, indirectly leading to the long-term over-exploitation of groundwater, and induced regional land subsidence. Based on the combination of meteorological data, groundwater level data, interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR; specifically persistent scatterer interferometry, PSI), geographic information system (GIS) spatial analysis method and rainfall recharge theory, this paper presents a systematic analysis of spatial-temporal variation of groundwater level and land subsidence evolution. Results show that rainfall has been decreasing annually, while the exploitation of groundwater is increasing and the groundwater level is declining, which is has caused the formation and evolution of land subsidence. Seasonal and interannual variations exist in the evolution of land subsidence; the subsidence is uneven in both spatial and temporal distribution. In 2011, at the center of mapped subsidence the subsidence rate was greater than 120 mm a−1. The results revealed good correlation between the spatial distribution of groundwater level declines and subsidence. The research results show that it is beneficial to measure the evolution of land subsidence to dynamic variations of groundwater levels by combining InSAR or PSI, groundwater-level data, and GIS. This apprpach provides improved information for environmental and hydrogeologic research and a scientific basis for regional land subsidence control.

Citation: Lei, K., Luo, Y., Chen, B., Guo, M., Guo, G., Yang, Y., and Wang, R.: Spatial-temporal variation of groundwater and land subsidence evolution in Beijing area, Proc. IAHS, 372, 7-11,, 2015.
Publications Copernicus